HTML stands for Hypertext Markup Language, and it is a markup language used to create web pages. It is the backbone of every website, as it is responsible for defining the structure and content of a webpage. In this article, we will discuss what HTML is, how it works, and provide examples to help you understand it better.
What is HTML?
HTML is a markup language that is used to create web pages. It consists of a set of tags that define the structure and content of a webpage. These tags are written in plain text and are interpreted by web browsers to display the webpage on a user’s screen. HTML is a simple and powerful language that can be learned quickly and used to create visually appealing web pages.
How does HTML work?
HTML works by defining the structure and content of a webpage using tags. These tags are placed in the HTML code and are used to define headings, paragraphs, images, links, and other elements of a webpage. When a user visits a webpage, their web browser reads the HTML code and interprets the tags to display the content on the user’s screen.
HTML tags are surrounded by angle brackets (< >) and have a name that describes the element they define. For example, the <p> tag defines a paragraph of text, while the <img> tag defines an image. HTML tags can also have attributes that provide additional information about the element they define. For example, the <img> tag can have an attribute that specifies the source of the image.
Here is an example of an HTML webpage that contains a header, a paragraph of text, an image, and a link:
<!DOCTYPE html> <html> <head> <title>HTML Example</title> </head> <body> <header> <h1>Welcome to my webpage</h1> </header> <p>This is an example of an HTML webpage. It contains a header, a paragraph of text, an image, and a link.</p> <img src="image.jpg" alt="An image of a mountain"> <a href="https://www.google.com">Click here to visit Google</a> </body> </html>
In this example, the <!DOCTYPE html> tag specifies the version of HTML used in the webpage. The <html> tag defines the beginning and end of the HTML document. The <head> tag contains the title of the webpage, which appears in the browser’s title bar. The <body> tag contains the content of the webpage.
The <header> tag defines the header of the webpage, which contains the <h1> tag that defines the main heading. The <p> tag defines a paragraph of text. The <img> tag defines an image and specifies the source and alt text for the image. The <a> tag defines a link and specifies the URL for the link.
HTML is a powerful and essential language for creating web pages. It is a markup language that defines the structure and content of a webpage using tags. HTML tags are written in plain text and are interpreted by web browsers to display the content on a user’s screen. With the examples provided in this article, you can begin to create your own HTML webpages and take the first step toward becoming a web developer.